What Makes Up The Layers of the Skin?
Our skin is our biggest organ, it protects our inner workings and its what represents us first when meeting people in the world. Our skin has 3 main layers before it gets down to muscle and many components in between. ((Swipe right to see a detailed layout of the structure we call skin)) Let’s go over the basics. 1. The Epidermis The top layer that protects the underlying tissue from infection, dehydration, chemical and mechanical stresses. The epidermis includes five main layers: the stratum corneum - most superficial layer of the epidermis from which dead skin sheds, stratum lucidium - A layer of our skin that is found on the palms of our hands and the soles of our feet, stratum granulosum - grainy cell structures, stratum spinosum - partly responsible for the skin’s strength and flexibility, and stratum germinativum - the basal (base) layer, it is the deepest of the five layers of the epidermis and one of the most important since keratin is abundant and is the only area skin cells can germinate. I know that sounds pretty involved, and it is because we are complex creatures 😉 2. The Dermis Contains tough connective tissue as well as different types of cells, hair follicles, blood vessels, nerves and glands. The primary function of the dermis is to cushion the body from stress and strain, and to also provide: elasticity to the skin, a sense of touch, and heat. The sebaceous glands found in the dermis secrete a substance called sebum that helps to lubricate and protect our skin from drying out. It is the layer of skin you touch when buying any leather goods. 3. Subcutaneous Tissue Made up of fat and connective tissue that has many different and important functions in the body. It contains many collagen cells as well as fat. Collagen is a protein that helps strengthen our skin. Fat, in particular, helps insulate our body from the cold and act as a cushion for our internal structures (such as muscles and organs). Fat can also be called upon by the body in times of great need as an energy source. So with that being said, using safe and effective products is key to maintaining a healthy, natural glow. Always read your ingredient labels and ask your licensed esthetician all the questions you have to obtain professional answers and results!